As we all know the Industrial Revolution (IR) significantly changed the lives of millions of people. When it started the new machinery provoked an evolution that everyone was aware of. A new era had begun. It also had an impact on the way people thought. There was also an environmental impact on the planet, and I will talk about it in a more specific case, here in Mexico. As we all know one of the impacts of the IR was pollution. This happened because of all the waste that was left in the use of railways. Factories where involved not only in airborne emissions but land and water pollution as well. This happened because of mass production, which also involved mass deforestation of many wooded areas, that before were part of a natural balance.
Mexico also had a significant population growth. This was important because the greater the population, the more waste was produced. To clarify the point given, all the demand present in that moment brought an overproduction that generated tons and tons of chemical waste among other things. There was also a draining in many natural resources such as coal mining, gold mining, and different kinds of mining, caused again by overproduction and not making certain long term plans for sustainability,. Throughout the years the draining in basic natural resources such as water and air has diminished their respective qualities, whilst some fume extractors contained certain toxic particles and again they didn’t have a long term plan for sustainability.
Many years later sustainable development became a key policy in the case of Mexico. The deforestation was prohibited by law except in certain times of the year. Specifically, when the time came for chopping down the wooded areas, it was obligatory by law to plant an equal quantity of trees in that area and then let it grow again for a couple of years. This was the case in Ajusco, a part of Mexico City, and many others. Another important part in the sustainable development was the research carried out amongst the best universities in Mexico in order to understand what exactly Mexico needed, to keep obtaining natural resources without exhausting them and to promote renewable sources.
Another breakthrough in the modern Industrial Revolution was the extraction of oil. This event came along with eco-friendly machinery, thinking and processes, such as free PVC machinery and non gasoline motors for them (Solar cells), cardboard packaging, and new fuel sources such as ethanol and wind energy.
By Daniel Del Salto