Industrialisation began in Mexico with President Porfirio Diaz in 1880. Firstly, he established communication channels for doing business, to exploit mines and banks were founded. In that period, Mexico received much foreign investment due to our country’s natural resources. This interest came especially from the United States, France, England and Germany. It helped improve the economy and the employment opportunities began to increase.
The invention of the telegraph, telephone and railroad were great tools for the communication and the growth of business. We started to have electricity, the ability to use the internal combustion engine, whilst many cars were imported to Mexico.
Edward L. Doheny, an American and Weetman D. from England, were the first to find oil and export it. Mexico became the biggest mining economy in the world, producing silver and metals, whilst fuel output increased.
After the Wall Street crisis of 1929, regulation began on the export of goods. This came about at the end of the government of Lazaro Cárdenas. In 1937 oil was first expropriated, and this also took place during the Cárdenas government. The exploitation of this natural resource helped Mexico increase its economic wealth by a great amount.
In the world in general, due to the misuse of natural resources, exploitation, deforestation and environmental abuse, the world is becoming ever more polluted and we are at risk of depleting our resources. Particularly in Mexico, the nuclear power industry produces radioactive waste, industry pollutes the atmosphere with chlorine water, and agribusinesses pollute soil and water with pesticides and fertilizers.
Despite the pollution and its environmental consequences in Mexico, we are still not a fully developed country. Why? Because we are a third world country and we do not have the necessary tools to use a resource such as oil appropriately to achieve economic improvements in the country.
Regarding Energy Reform, it is also a consequence of industrialization, every day there are a greater number of technologies available, however we are not trained to use them or do not have them available in our country yet.
We should focus more as a country on getting the infrastructure that we need (specifically to use our oil) with the aim of increasing the efficiency of the companies and factories that already exist (and to compete more ably with foreign countries) to improve the economy. Industrialisation has consequences on the environment, the economy of the country and generally on the daily lives of people not only in Mexico but throughout the entire world.