“Only after the last tree will be cut,
Only after the last river will be poisoned,
Only after the last fish will be caught,
Only then, you will know that the money can´t be eaten”
Industrialization in Mexico is a process that started with a fledgling family business, whose activities were mainly related with agriculture, textiles and livestock, in the early 18th century. Over time, industrialization continued to develop at the same time as new technologies emerged. One of the principal periods of industrialization in Mexico was the period of the “Porfiriato”, when the president that was in power installed a stable federal government with secure financial and industrial supports, and introduced a lot of technology from European society.
Industrialization is accompanied by a big world problem that is pollution, and Mexico is not an exception. The continued growth of industries and big cities has generated this problem, but the main trouble is that the people don´t have the culture of environmental care. In fact, it was not until three decades ago that the community started to take care of its own environment and surroundings, and began to develop a different way of doing it.
If we are talking about the contamination in Mexico, specifically air pollution, we can see that according to the data of the national emission inventory, Mexico annually produces 40.5 million tons of pollutants to the atmosphere. This affects the health of the Mexican people, and generates many kinds of respiratory diseases.
Regarding water pollution, we have a variety of causes. One is that the waste from big industries ends up in the rivers and seas, and the majority of owners of such industries do not take the issue with sufficient importance. They do not take care of their waste and chemicals, and this is a big danger to the ecosystem.
However these events do not only occur in the big cities, they also happen in the rural zones, but not with the same magnitude. The best example is the case of the people that have their own land to cultivate, and for their crops they use different chemical products, and it doesn´t matter to them if the waste of these products ends up in the rivers, whilst also they don´t notice that they are killing the aquatic life. For this reason in the rivers of the rural zones each day there are fewer fish and other aquatic creatures. In this way the possibility of fishing is smaller every single day. To conclude I want to invite the reader to think about how the environment is changing? And to compare how it is now and how it was in the past. So tell me, how do you think this world will be in a few years’ time?
By Daniela Moreno Pedroza